Justice Wadhwa was appointed prosecution counsel for the Central Board of Direct Taxes in the year 1971 and filed various criminal prosecutions at the instance of the Commissioners of Income Tax regarding tax evasion. In 1980 Justice Wadhwa was appointed as the first Central Government Standing Counsel in Delhi High Court where he conducted cases on behalf of the Central Government including the Department of Railways, Central Board of Excise and Customs and Central Board of Direct Taxes and handled important constitutional and other matters. He was elevated to the bench of Delhi High Court in 1983. During his tenure in Delhi High Court, Justice Wadhwa had occasion to decide cases on various branches of law including those under the Arbitration Act, 1940 and also those of international arbitration. During his tenure in Delhi High Court, Justice Wadhwa had occasion to decide cases on various branches of law including those under the Arbitration Act, 1940 and also those of international arbitration. Justice Wadhwa was Chairman of the Central COFEPOSA Board and also Delhi State COFEPOSA. In 1995, he was appointed as Chief Justice of Patna High Court and in 1997 he was elevated as Judge of the Supreme Court of India. He retired from the Supreme Court in the year 2000.
While in the Supreme Court Justice Wadhwa had occasion to deal with various cases under the arbitration law and delivered important judgments. One such judgment authored by him was on the interpretation of Section 85(2) of the Arbitration & Conciliation Act, 1996. Justice Wadhwa was also a member of the 3-Judge Bench which decided appeal against the conviction of 26 persons sentenced to death by a Special Court, who were accused of conspiracy relating to assassination of late Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Justice Wadhwa rendered principal judgement in that case confirming death sentence on 4 accused and sentencing some others to varying imprisonments.
In 1987-88 Justice Wadhwa headed the Committee constituted by the Central Government to investigate lathi-charge on the lawyers at Tis Hazari Courts complex. Justice Wadhwa was also appointed by Central Government under the Commission of Inquiry Act to look into the causes of the death of a Christian Priest and his two young sons who were burnt alive by mob in Orissa..
Justice Wadhwa has vastly
travelled. In 1995 he was nominated by
the Central Government in the Ministry of Law, Justice & Company Affairs to
attend conference of UNCITRAL and INSOL-International held at
When liberalization process in
Telecom Sector started in
Presently Justice Wadhwa is heading Central Vigilance Committee constituted under the orders of the Supreme Court, by the Central Government in the Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution under the orders of the Supreme Court. This Committee has been constituted to examine various aspects of public distribution including corruption in public distribution system and suggest modalities for efficient use of Public Distribution System.